How to Sprout Nuts and Seeds

WHY MOST ALMOND BUTTER IS BAD FOR YOU

Megan Food Philosophy, Health & Nutrition, Hors d'oeuvres, Condiments & Sides, Treats, Whole Food Recipes 27 Comments

I feel a mix of amusement and annoyance when I see on the Internet headings like, “Almonds: the World’s Healthiest Food.”  These sites, when looked at, inevitably include a list with the nutritional profile of such foods: they are full of vitamins and minerals and fiber!  We are supposed to be dazzled, convinced.

However, the claims are narrow in their approach and understanding of nutrition.  If almonds are eaten in moderation, after the proper handling and treatment, they are nutritious.  Most natural foods when handled and prepared properly can be a blessing to our bodies, (food allergies and diseases aside, for the moment).

But we have to know the whole food, its idiosyncrasies learned by former generations and forgotten as of late; and we have to eat the food amidst a balanced diet.

Sprouted Almonds

My home sprouted almonds- light and crispy.

WHAT’S HEALTHY?

This article will look at almonds specifically, but also put forward ideas about how to shop for certain foods, and how and why to avoid factory-made convenience foods that are advertised as healthy.  Ironically, these “healthy” foods can be as dangerous, and should be as repellant, as driving through McDonald’s.

When it comes to the foods we eat, we can’t trust the labels on packages to tell us what’s healthy.  We were all unknowingly entrapped in that sci-fi game for decades, even fifty years, ever since the post-World War II food culture, when boxed foods first came into vogue.  Words like, “healthy,” “all natural,” and “gourmet” have lost their meaning and irony has made those words hint at the lie: most packages that brag they are healthy, should actually be avoided.  “Healthy” and the actual contents of the factory-made food are antonyms.

almond butter jar imagesTherefore, sadly, even Paleo[1] favorites like almond butter, almond meal, and blanched almond flour are not healthy.  If these three ubiquitous paleo baking ingredients are made at home, using certain trustworthy old-fashioned techniques, which we’ll discuss below, and eaten in moderation, then they are indeed health foods!  But who ever brainwashed us into thinking that store-bought, factory-made almond butter was health food?

My daughter just reminded me this morning that I, too, used to say that almond butter was a better option than peanut butter.  (Peanuts are another issue entirely, a topic for another post.)  But what was wrong with my assumption was I was assuming that all almonds and all almond butter were healthy.  They taste healthy; they seem healthy…

Some of you might feel threatened or sad at the thought that one of these frequently relied upon ingredients actually isn’t good for you.  It takes us all a bit of swallowing and time to digest new information that we don’t want to hear.  But the good news about my blog, and about me, is that my major message is one of hope: ALTERNATIVES.  If we have alternatives that we love it is not as hard to leave behind old favorites or former comfort foods.

almond scones

Homemade rustic almond scones- grain-free, sugar-free and made with home sprouted almonds.

I am so excited to share beautiful, revolutionary baking recipes with you that are truly full of nutrition, easy to digest, and prepared using knowledge-based methods from local and organic ingredients.  Almond butter and meal can be temporary steps, like Bob’s Red Mill-type gluten-free mixes, after giving up gluten and learning to live without it.  What follows in this article and in life is the next step when and if you’re ready.

Firstly, I’d like to be very specific about the problem with almond products.  There are two main issues that actually make them disease and cancer-causing convenience foods.  (But remember, when we’re done discussing what’s wrong with these easy foods, I’ll share their healthy counterparts, how to make these foods at home, recipes of love and truth that you can feel confident about and love eating now and forever.)

DOES PASTEURIZATION MAKE ALMONDS DANGEROUS?

And are your almonds raw?

In 2007 legislation passed in the United States that required the pasteurization of almonds, due to two Salmonella outbreaks from California-grown almonds.  Pasteurization uses one of two methods: heating the almonds to temperatures of 200 degrees or higher or the use of propylene oxide gas, a “probable” carcinogen, as noted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.  Yikes!  Most conventional almonds are undergoing this gassing process; and no U.S. grown almonds are raw!

(The one exception to this rule is that raw almonds may be sold in no larger than 100-pound quantities total per farm from farmer’s markets.  But bulk almonds are grown only in a few states[2] in our country; so these raw ones are inaccessible to most and of course, are sold in very small amounts that aren’t a significant monetary benefit to any farm.)

Once we get that bagged almond meal, or blanched almond flour, its food value has been compromised significantly and it likely contains residues that are cancer causing.

What is shocking and fascinating is that the U.S. government took the same approach with the pasteurization of almonds and these Salmonella outbreaks as it took with the pasteurization of milk.  The conventional farming practices that contributed to the Salmonella outbreak in California were not addressed on a nation-wide scale.  As in, “Is it possible that the direction modern farming has taken contributed to this health hazard?  Should we look at modern conventional farming techniques and see where we’ve gone wrong?”

hugealmondcropimagesHeating and killing, or poisoning our food, is easier than addressing the labyrinth of trouble we’ve gotten ourselves into when it comes to conventional farming techniques.  (Specifically, sustainably raised crops practice biodiversity wherein grasses and weeds actually help to prevent salmonella.  The newer mono-crop farming method of raising literally 70,000 pounds of one food per season is a risky sponge for infection.)

As an informative article from cornucopia.org points out,

“This may be the first step in a slippery slope toward a sterile food environment that protects processors from lawsuits and facilitates industrial-scale food processing and distribution—which is exactly the kind of environment that facilitates bacterial contamination, but does not necessarily protect consumers from illness, while offering few food choices to consumers who prefer raw and unprocessed foods.”

With the issue of raw milk, by the time it was outlawed[3] (which still shocks me to think about) cows were sitting or standing in their own feces in small pens while milk was mechanically being pumped from their utters[4].  This form of mass production was too profitable and convenient for the U.S. government to reconsider.  (But obviously the risk of milk being infected under these circumstances is scary huge.)  So the mass population’s demise of health began in earnest instead.

That sociological decision, one that would affect the entire nation, was marketed ironically over the next five decades as America’s super health food.[5]  We all drank milk for strong bones and protein.  It took about three generations before the health ramifications of eating large amounts of a food without living digestive enzymes and also laced with growth hormones took its toll.  (I will discuss more about the cause of food allergies and all of today’s modern health epidemics in another post.)

But let’s learn our lesson well.  We don’t need to eat poisoned and dead almonds for decades.  Let’s look at the history of milk, with many of us now drinking dairy-free milks or making sure our sources are grass-fed, raw, full of probiotics, and/or locally sourced.  We need to seek out whole foods, fresh foods.

nuts on an ALMOND-TREE

ARE YOUR NUTS FRESH?

That leads to the second reason to avoid all commercially made almond butter, almond meal, almond flour, and blanched almond flour.  All nuts have a short shelf life.  They are prone toward rancidity.  This is especially true of walnuts.  But all nuts must be stored briefly or properly.  Do we think that big factories are mindful of this truth?

Rather they are looking at mass production, mass profit, and the effectiveness of a good label to make their product look healthy and desirable, not to mention a competitive selling price.

A competitive selling price, however, is not complimentary with having a knowledgeable health advocate on the company team to make sure that all almonds are made into butter quickly after harvest and then frozen to prevent further aging of the nuts’ components.

Nor are most nut companies these days soaking and sprouting their nuts before creating their meals and butters, although we are beginning to see a few companies do this who sell from health food store shelves.

What’s wrong with a good rancid nut?  Until you’ve eaten lots of GOOD soaked, sprouted and dehydrated nuts you won’t necessary taste the difference.

But rancidity in food is not something to ignore.

Paul Pitchford of Healing with Whole Foods: Asian Traditions and Modern Nutrition writes that possible complications from eating rancid nuts include,

“irritation to the linings of the stomach and intestines; the oils in them cannot be digested or assimilated efficiently; poor immunity, cancer and other chronic diseases; destruction of vitamins A, E and F in the food plus those stored in the body; gall bladder and liver complaints.”  And Andrew Weil, integrative medical specialist, says of the rancid oils found in nuts, “They’re carcinogenic, pro-inflammatory and very toxic.”[6]

My kids were not happy when I first learned the truth about almond butter.  It had been a comfort food to them ever since we embarked on a limited healing diet.  First we gave up peanut butter, and now, not this!  So here’s my shocking confession: occasionally I let us eat it as I weaned and educated them.  I had peace by making a habit that was going to stick into a process.  I will emphasize that we didn’t do this often.  But I knew our bodies can deal with a small amount of toxins and it was emotionally helpful for them to transition to only having homemade almond butter, which does have a different quality.

Eventually I weaned us of almond butter altogether. I literally never buy or make it. But we love sprouted nuts and seeds and homemade sprouted nut and seed butter alternatives. I give recipes for these below.

HOW MANY ALMONDS ARE SAFE TO EAT?

The last important issue to discuss and be mindful of when eating almonds, and most nuts, is the quantity consumed.  The bad news about almonds is that their omega-6 to omega-3 ratio is heavy on the omega-6 side.  The typical American diet is already heavy in omega-6s, which is why so many doctors now recommend foods and supplementary fish oils high in omega-3s, to get the balance back to where it should be.

botanicaldrawingofalmondThe ideal ratio of these necessary fats in our diet should be anywhere from 1:1 to possibly 4:1.  Many Americans today eat a diet that is 30:1, heavy on the omega-6 side.

Where is the imbalance coming from?  Grain-fed meat, too much chicken (and skinless boneless chicken breasts- oy!), and lots and lots of polyunsaturated oils that in some cases we are still being told are good for us: grapeseed, sunflower, safflower, corn, peanut, soybean, margarine, and hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils, as well as canola oil.  (If you are still cooking with these oils, please stop and replace them with grass-fed butter or ghee, olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil or fat rendered from sustainably-sourced meat.)

You take this typical American diet and you add the advice that “almonds are healthy” and you are just adding another fat imbalance and digestive challenge to the problem.

However, if our diet is remedied to more of a Paleo or Weston A. Price[7] style of eating and we emphasize eating lots of organic vegetables and wild-caught seafood, grass-fed eggs and meat, good fats, pre-digested or no grains, fermented foods and cod liver oil[8], and we enjoy a handful of sprouted almonds a couple of times a week, or use them in baking, we are in good shape!

I think the main message here is actually really simple and just takes a little practice and some recipes: stop eating factory made food.  This includes rotisserie chickens from Costco and other local markets, (save for a few exceptions) that are basted in, or injected with, cottonseed and other harmful oils.

Fresh, living ingredients raised correctly, with care and knowledge, prepared with homemade techniques are the rule of the day for restored or improved health.

Please look for local companies that you can support that are doing this.  In our city I know of 3-4 restaurants total that practice these ethics.

Here’s a shocking exercise: look at the ingredients in your local market’s salads and soups.  You will surely find polyunsaturated oils.  My guess is that even natural markets do not have the knowledge to avoid these oils; or their profit margin issue makes it difficult to stick to olive oil and other safe choices.

(Any consumption of these polyunsaturated oils should be limited, by the way, to the expeller-pressed, no heat technique; and these oils should not be used for cooking, only cold preparations.)  Mention this issue of oil choice to your local markets and restaurants so we can see change over time!

As promised, it is time to talk about how to make real foods work in real day-to-day life.  My cookbook, EAT BEAUTIFUL: Grain-free, Sugar-Free and Loving It promises many lovely feasts, baked goods you can feel great about.  Below I share additional component recipes, like how to make homemade nut and seed butter and simple sprouted nuts or seeds for snacking. Keep in mind the California component, when seeking out alternatives to almonds: that it’s a dessert providing water it doesn’t have to thirsty trees. It is better to find nut or seed alternatives to almonds.

homemadealmondbutterimagesWhen buying any nut or seed, in order to make these recipes, it is necessary to buy from sources with a quick turnover.

(Here in Eugene, OR I buy from Hummingbird Wholesale, in bulk.  I believe that Sundance Market also has a fast turnover on their nuts.)

This post contains affiliate links.

If you are someplace like Trader Joe’s and want to take advantage of their excellent nut selection and prices, I recommend one simple step to help protect yourself against rancidity.  I don’t recommend this with a nut from a market that doesn’t have a fast turnover rate for their nuts (where the nuts are sure to be rancid), but from a market like Trader Joe’s where the turnover is likely a fast one and you just want to show that extra ounce of precaution: add 1 tsp. vitamin C crystals  to your soaking water.  The soaking method is taught below.

As I launch into recipes for how to prepare your nuts, (and grains follow this same principle,) I’d love to share why this is necessary.

Phytic acid is found in grains, seeds, and nuts, which can combine in the intestinal tract with minerals and “block their absorption.  This is why a diet high in unfermented whole grains may lead to serious mineral deficiencies and bone loss…Soaking allows enzymes, lactobacilli and other helpful organisms to break down and neutralize a large portion of phytic acid in grains.”

Sally Fallon, author of the revolutionary book Nourishing Traditions, goes on to say that the nutrition in the grains is improved by soaking.  Grains, nuts, and seeds also contain enzyme inhibitors which protect the seed but are hard to digest.  Soaking neutralizes these enzymes and increases the nutrition available.

In short, we are making the nuts and seeds more digestible; we are making their nutrients accessible; and we are preventing mineral loss that the phytic acid would have caused.

A helpful insight is that the digestive mechanism, our body’s way of breaking down and assimilating nutrients, can actually be broken down over time.  If we abuse and overuse it with nuts and seeds and grains that have not been predigested, this havoc takes years of strict healing diets to heal.  Better to begin healing or prevent damage now through sprouting.

Soaked, Sprouted, Dehydrated “Crispy” Nuts

Soaking and Sprouting

For every 4 cups raw seeds or nuts, cover with room temperature filtered water and 2 tsp. sea salt.  Leave overnight; then drain and rinse well.

Dehydrating

Use any soaked nut or seed that has been duly drained and rinsed.  Toss with optional sea salt to taste and place in your dehydrator or low temperature-capable oven, 145 degrees or lower, preferably 105 degrees or lower.  For some nuts, such as macadamia or hazelnut, this process of completely drying out the nut can take as long as 72 hours.  For smaller seeds, 24 hours may still be necessary.  To check your nuts’ doneness, let one or all cool to room temperature.  Then eat one.  It should be very dry and crispy, no softness or chewiness to the inside.  With the exception of walnuts, (which should still be stored in the refrigerator or freezer because their oils go rancid more quickly,) the nuts will have a good shelf life and may now be stored in a sealed container in your pantry.

Homemade Nut Butter

  • 2 cups sprouted, dehydrated nuts or seeds
  • 2 T. extra-virgin coconut oil, lard, cocoa butter, avocado oil or olive oil

Place ingredients in food processor or high-powered blender and blend for about 8 minutes, depending on desired consistency.  Alternately, add the following optional ingredients:

  • 2 T. local raw honey
  • Celtic sea salt, to taste
  • 1 t. vanilla extract
  • 2 t. cinnamon

This recipe will thicken up in your refrigerator more than commercially made nut butter, but not much.  It is scoop-able and spreadable.  It will have a subtle coconut flavor if you use extra-virgin coconut oil.  I highly recommend adding the sea salt, about 1/8 tsp.

Homemade Nut Meal

Simply blend your sprouted, dehydrated nuts in a food processor or high-powered blender for less than 2 minutes, pulsing as necessary, preventing the nut butter stage from beginning.

To make blanched almond meal, take soaked wet almonds and squeeze each individual one between your thumb and index finger.  You’ll get the hang of it; the white nut will pop/squeeze out of its skin.  This task is time consuming but can be fun to do with kids helping.  Then dehydrate your “blonde” nuts.  The purpose of this preparation is that the nut is even easier to digest without its skin.  But also the white nut yields a different effect for baking, natural candy making, and snacking.


[1] “Paleo” refers to a Paleolithic-style eating, which has recently become popular among body builders and those who are trying to heal from significant health issues.  The diet was created by Dr. Loren Cordain who asserts, “The Paleo Diet, the world’s healthiest diet – is based upon eating wholesome, contemporary foods from the food groups that our hunter-gatherer ancestors would have thrived on during the Paleolithic era, or Stone Age.“  These foods include grass-fed meats and eggs, lots of organic vegetables, moderate amounts of fruit and nuts, and for some, local raw honey.  The diet intentionally emphasizes a pre-agricultural diet and stresses avoiding all grains and all refined foods, including sugar.

[2] As of 2007 California grew the bulk of almonds grown in the United States, at 97%.  Twenty-five other states also have at least one almond farm.  The USDA recorded Oregon had 31 almond farms, Utah 30 farms, and Virginia 20 farms.

[3] In 1917, the mandatory pasteurization of milk began.  By 2007, selling raw cow’s milk was illegal in 17 states.  And in 2011, 3 individuals were arrested for selling raw milk from a retail establishment in Venice, CA.

[4] According to the non-profit ProCon.org, “In the early 19th century, the alcohol distillery business in the United States began to grow. Large amounts of swill (spent-grains) were produced as a byproduct of whiskey and other alcohol production. Many distilleries opened dairies and began feeding their dairy cows with the waste swill. The low nutritional content of the swill lead to sickness in the cows and in the humans who drank their milk…Confined to filthy, manure-filled pens, the unfortunate cows gave a pale, bluish milk so poor in quality, it couldn’t even be used for making butter or cheese… French chemist and biologist Louis Pasteur, considered one of the fathers of microbiology, helped prove that infectious diseases and food-borne illnesses were caused by germs, known as the “germ theory…Pasteur’s research demonstrated that harmful microbes in milk and wine caused sickness, and he invented a process – now called “pasteurization” – whereby the liquids were rapidly heated and cooled to kill most of the organisms.”

[5] Franklin D. Roosevelt, in 1935, as part of his New Deal plan, began a program of federally subsidized dairy advertising.

[6] The Dallas Morning News, April 2012

[7] The Weston A. Price diet is based on the research of a dentist, Price, who traveled and studied many indigenous tribes, noting the link between dental health and overall health.  Those groups who had left behind their native diets for more refined foods had compromised health and dental health.  The recommendations of diet that came from his studies are too expansive for a footnote but emphasize fermented foods, saturated fat, grass-fed meat, organic produce, and the absence of all refined foods.  Please enjoy this link for more information on the doctor’s findings.

[8] I believe the research and evidence are indisputable pointing to the importance of this supplement in our diet.  Here’s a link that mentions the history and benefits of this super-food as well as the brands that are best to buy.

  • Thanks so much for this education, Megan! Being a major enthusiast of good almond butter, I appreciate knowing how to prepare it for maximum health.

  • Thank you, Anne! 🙂

  • Excellent article, Megan! Thanks so much for putting it together so clearly and concisely, without bashing anyone who is addicted to almonds. 😉

  • Loretta

    Is making almond milk a healthful choice after 12 to 16 hours of soaking in salted water?

  • Yes, you just want to rinse the almonds well after they’ve soaked and allow this to be a special drink that is not a staple that you consume every day. If you consumed the milk every day it would be too many Omega-6’s in your diet. 🙂

  • nis

    Thank you for this detailed explanation! We tend to consume nuts from costco and my guess is those aren’t raw, right? Would you know of any bulk stores in Portland Oregon where I could purchase raw nuts at a reasonable price. Thanks!

  • We have a company here in Eugene called Hummingbird Wholesale that ships; or you could come down on a Thursday when they are open to the public. They have the freshest nuts anywhere, a huge turnover, high demand. Re Costco, they do sell some raw nuts and their turnover may be good; it’s just hard to know how long they may sit in a field or warehouse before they’re sold. If freshness is a question the vitamin C in your soaking water can help avoid the dangers of rancidity. I don’t know about PDX; but Humm. Wh. is the best anywhere, so might be worth the trip or the shipping rate. Cheers!! 🙂

  • nis

    Thanks Megan….looks like shipping may be my best option right now.

  • linda spiker

    Fabulous information! I now have my dehydrator and am going to be a dehydrating machine, lol.

  • Megan Stevens

    Yay!!! What fun you’re going to have and you will love the texture and flavor so much too. They really snap in your mouth when they’re sprouted! 🙂

  • Sarah

    I read the article but I’m not clear what your opinion would be on the type of almond butter that I’ve been using. I buy organic almond butter that is freshly ground when I press the button on the grinder. Is there a chance these organic almonds are not raw? Or are you worried about the turnover since it’s an expensive item?

  • Megan Stevens

    Thanks for your question, Sarah. That almond butter is not a good choice for multiple reasons. One is, and most importantly, the nuts are not sprouted. If they are raw or roasted they are still hard to digest and your body can’t access they’re nutrition; plus the phytates in the nuts leave your body mineral deficient. They are likely rancid, too, yes. If you need to buy almond butter and don’t want to make your own sprouted nut butter, then only buy the jarred almond butter that says specifically on the label, “Sprouted.” Hope this helps! 🙂

  • Megan Stevens

    🙂

  • Donald Godown

    Everything you have informed me of is very easy for me to believe about our FDA. I’m a new learner to alot of health issues, and the bigest problem for me is where to purchase organic, sprouted, dehydrated Almonds.

  • Lindsay Fraser

    Great article. How long do you feel that homemade sprouted nut butters are good when stored in the refrigerator? Even if they are still good, do they loose their nutritional value quickly? Is it different for each kind of nut? Thanks!

  • Megan Stevens

    Hi Lindsay, thank you. I’m not sure actually. My guess is 6 months. And yes, walnuts degrade the fastest. Beyond that we’d need to look up…yes, it’s different based on the nut or seed’s fat profile. Blessings!

  • Judy

    I see this is an old post, but I am hoping you can share your thoughts… Do you think there are health issues with drinking a few cups of nut milk every day if made properly with fresh, soaked nuts or seeds, and rotating the kind of nut / seed used? I like to rotate between almonds, walnuts, cashews, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds. Due to some health issues, I am currently on a liquid diet, consisting of fresh vegetable juices, homemade bone broth, and nut milks. The milk really helps me feel full. I have been unable to find any good information about health issues with homemade nut milks- most articles refer to commercially made milks. Any insight will be appreciated!

  • Megan Stevens

    Hi Judy, happy to help. Sorry for the delay in responding; we just returned from a trip. Based on my own experience, I believe there are seasons in life when we make certain nutritional choices to get us through a time and to reach a certain goal in healing. For you this may look like lots of soaked nut and seed milks, because you have so little else. You need those carbs and that protein. I say, YES. 🙂 But on a broader diet, I think it’s too much of the same thing and may still cause a food sensitivity or be too many anti-nutrients, even properly soaked. So I’d give yourself that freedom now, and enjoy, but just listen and watch for symptoms, so you can back off if needed. Eventually you could have less because you’ll have other options in your diet. Blessings!!

  • Jessica

    Hi! I just read this article. Would you put coconut milk in the same category, or is this safer to drink? I use coconut milk and cream as a staple in my shakes and cooking.

  • Megan Stevens

    Coconut milk is super healthful, a completely different category, especially if homemade. 🙂 But I’d be cautious of factory-made coconut milks that have additives. I do buy canned coconut milk occasionally, but it’s not a staple; and I typically avoid the canisters with lots of added ingredients and even vegetable oil.

  • Food4life

    This was one of the worst articles I have ever read. It took way to long to make a point and I’m not sure if there is a clear point of the article other than to sell a book. Starting with the conclusions for such an overly complex article may have been a good idea. Food for thought for future articles.

  • Adriana Wollmann

    Very nice article Megan!
    Wich milk do you think we can drink every day?
    Is home made the olny option?
    Thanks

  • Megan Stevens

    Hi Adriana, I personally drink raw cow and goat milks, as my body loves them. But my dairy-free daughter drinks a variety of dairy-free milks: coconut, hemp and rice. We make homemade coconut and hemp milks, very easy in the blender; and I very occasionally buy her rice milk as she loves it (but it’s not great, with added oil). Canned coconut milk is also fine, in moderation and without sweetener, in my opinion. We also make soaked pine nut milk, although we haven’t recently. It’s my favorite dairy-free milk. Just soak the pine nuts over night in salted water, rinse in am and puree with water, adding other ingredients like scant sweetener if desired. 🙂

  • Adriana Wollmann

    Very helpful!
    Thank you very much.🌷

  • geo2209

    What about almonds like Wild Soil that are steam pasteurized and (I think) sproutable? They also claim their standards are above organic as well. The flavor on them compared to the PPO pasteurized is amazing.

  • Getting Real in Your Kitchen

    Really great information. I am just wondering how long raw, sprouted almond butter lasts before there is a risk of it going rancid.

  • mike

    when is nutrition going to become science, and evidence-based science , instead of ever changing personal opinions?